Juglans regia, the Persian walnut or common walnut, is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 25 m tall. The bark of the tree is smooth and grey-brown. With age, a deep bark develops. The dark green leaves are alternately arranged, pinnate, and up to 40 cm long. The real walnut is monoecious, which is why both male and female flowers are found on the plant. The plant blooms from April to June. The male flowers sit in inflorescences, the female flowers sit in twos or threes at the branch ends. The fruits are up to 6 cm long, roundish, and surrounded by a brown, tough, fleshy outer shell and a hard, woody inner shell. The seed is 2-4-lobed and has large, oil-rich cotyledons.