The Chilean hazelnut grows on a medium-sized tree with strong branches. Despite its name, the Chilean hazelnut is not related to the European common hazelnut. This evergreen tree grows mainly in the southern parts of Chile and Argentina and can grow to a height of 10 to 12 m. The flowers of the tree are arranged in pairs and are white or ivory colored. The fruits are round stone fruits about 1 to 2 cm in size. When unripe, the fruits are red, but turn brown or black as they mature and contain around the seed with a hard shell.
The pale yellow Avellana seed oil is traditionally obtained by pressing the nuts, which must be peeled, ground, and heated. However, a higher yield is achieved by enzymatic extraction of the oil. During this process, the ground seeds are mixed with water and enzymes. Once the enzymatic reaction has taken place, the enzymes are deactivated in a boiling bath and the oil can be obtained by centrifuging (separating) the mixture.
A striking feature of Avellana oil is its high content of palmitoleic acid, which is particularly suitable for sensitive, irritated, or neurodermatitis skin. Thanks to the high content of unsaturated fatty acids, the oil is absorbed quickly and leaves the skin feeling pleasantly velvety. The skin is nourished and protected by the oil. The Mink Oil contained in Avellana Oil has a firming effect on the skin and is used against wrinkles.
Avellana oil is also able to absorb a broad spectrum of skin-damaging UV and IR radiation but does allow non-harmful, skin-tanning radiation to pass through. The oil is therefore often used in sun care products.
Avellana oil is used as a dietary oil. The oil contains a relatively high content of α-tocotrienol (130 mg/kg) and therefore has a high oxidative stability. Avellana oil thus also serves as good Vitamin E – source in dietetics.
As care product you should always use native, cold-pressed oil to get the maximum care effect. It is also important to make sure that it is 100% pure Avellana oil without any other additives.
You should also look for an organic quality to avoid residues of pesticides.