The beauty ingredient retinol and its effect

Der Beautywirkstoff Retinol

Vitamin A is one of the earliest discovered vitamins, hence its name with the first letter of the alphabet. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that:

  • is responsible for the ability to see (its deficiency can lead to blindness),
  • the process of growth of the body,
  • and it influences the proper development and formation of bones, hair, nails, skin

Vitamin A is considered one of the vitamins of youth, its stimulating effect reduces the changes that occur with the aging process. It is necessary for the proper formation and regulation of cell growth of the skin. Retinol is the main form of pure vitamin A.

The beauty ingredient retinol is one of the most powerful rejuvenating and anti-acne substances. However, to benefit from the power of retinol, you need to gradually introduce it into your skincare routine – otherwise, you may experience flaking and irritation. By following a few tips, retinol will improve the appearance of skin regardless of age.

Retinol is a basic anti-wrinkle ingredient in cosmetics, found in all sorts of anti-aging skincare products. The vitamin A derivative acts as an antioxidant and reduces negative metabolic processes in the body caused by free radicals. In addition, retinol stimulates the formation of collagen, which is an important building block for the structure of our skin.

What is retinol?

Retinol is a particularly effective form of vitamin A, whose rejuvenating effect is already well documented. Its properties were discovered as early as the 1980s, and to date, no more effective substance has been found that could handle wrinkle reduction just as well. What is the positive power of retinol? It has the ability to penetrate deeper layers of the skin, where it stimulates fibroblasts to work. These are the cells that produce collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid, the three basic substances that provide firmness, smoothness, and elasticity to the skin. Unfortunately, as we age, fibroblast activity declines – and that’s where retinol comes in, as it can slow down this process and help keep skin firm for longer.

Made by the human body from beta-carotene, vitamin A is used to form and regulate skin cell growth. So, in a way, it is responsible for inhibiting the aging process. Unfortunately, the amount of this “vitamin of youth” in our body is decreasing. And as it turns out, there is not only less of it with age, but what is significant, also due to the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation. The biggest impact on vitamin A levels comes from UVA radiation, which hits the skin continuously regardless of the time of year or the level of sun exposure. And the less vitamin A, the worse your skin looks – and we are not just talking about wrinkles. Dryness, excessive flaking, and keratosis are the first signs of skin deficiency.

Retinol in Pipettenflschen

How does retinol work?

Retinol for skin discoloration

Retinol is perfect for skin with discoloration because it has an exfoliating and inhibiting effect on the activity of melanocytes, which produce the skin pigment responsible for the darker color. Long-term therapy with retinol creams acts on all types of hyperpigmentation, including postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, which is common in acne skin. Initially, it exfoliates the keratinized epidermis, and over time it thickens it and improves blood flow to the skin, which is better oxygenated and has increased resistance to the effects of ultraviolet radiation.

Effect of retinol on wrinkles

In the initial period of using cosmetics with retinol, changes occur in the upper layers of the epidermis and after just a few weeks the skin looks younger. This is because thanks to the slightly exfoliating and normalizing effect of retinol, the damaged and horny layer of the epidermis is reduced and the epidermis becomes more cohesive.

Retinol for shadows under the eyes

After a few months of regular use retinol makes the skin thicker. This is good news for all those who suffer from vascularized skin and dark shadows under the eyes – thickened skin will hide this blemish.

Regulation of the production of sebum

Highly effective retinol preparations regulate the production of sebum in the skin. To do this, they penetrate deep into the pores. At the same time, the substances have an anti-inflammatory effect, preventing new lesions.

With the regulation of sebum production, as well as the deep-penetrating and balancing effect of retinol, the skin’s appearance can be refined. In addition, superficially invading bacteria no longer have an easy game.

When should you start using retinol cosmetics?

The production of collagen and elastin decreases from the age of 25, so you can start using retinol before the age of 30. One should definitely be interested in this vitamin if one has noticed a deepening of expression lines.

How to start using retinol?

Retinol has quite a strong effect on the skin, so many sources indicate redness, itching, burning, or excessive exfoliation of the epidermis as side effects. Until recently, people with sensitive and weakly vascularized skin were advised not to use this substance, but it is now known that everything depends on the concentration of retinol in the cosmetic and the method of application. A gradual introduction of vitamin A derivatives into your skincare regimen should not have any negative effects.

  • Start with cosmetics that contain a retinol concentration of 0.2-0.5%. This is an optimal dose that is not too drastic and allows the skin to get used to the substance.
  • For the first 2-3 weeks, use the serum with retinol up to 2 times a week with a 3-day interval. Observe your skin’s reaction during this time. If no irritation occurs, you can increase the frequency of application and use it every 2 days.
  • The next step is to introduce a cosmetic with an increased concentration of retinol – 1-2% is optimal.

How long should you use retinol?

Overall, retinol treatment can last up to 6 months, although most specialists agree that significant effects should appear after 3 months. It is worth performing the treatment once a year in the autumn-winter period when the skin is less exposed to sunlight. Of course, it is obligatory to apply a cream with SPF 30 or 50 during the day to avoid discoloration. Ideally, if the cream has additional regenerating and rejuvenating properties.

Retinol belongs to the cosmetic active ingredients whose effect has been proven in many studies and which should not be missing in the daily facial care.

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