What determines my skin type?

The term skin type describes the condition of the skin and is also referred to as skin condition in dermacomsmetics. The skin condition can change over time and depends on many internal and external factors. Everyone inherits a basic skin condition through their genes, but this condition can develop differently from that of their parents due to various factors.

With age, the skin usually becomes drier, impurities subside and pigmentation spots form. Exposure to sunlight, extreme climatic conditions, dry air, hormonal influences, diseases, medication and many other factors affect the skin and its behavior. Therefore, cosmetic skin care must always be adapted to the current skin needs.

List of skin types: normal skin, dry skin, sensitive skin, combination skin, oily skin, impure skin, aging skin

Internal Factors


  • Inheritance
  • Age
  • Hormones (e.g. puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy)
  • Illnesses (allergies, diabetes, mental health)
  • Stress

External Factors


  • Climate (UV-rays, cold, wind)
  • Humidity
  • Season
  • Room air
  • Skin care
  • Lifestyle
  • Nutrition
  • Medications
Picture with the word: Normal skin

What is normal skin?

With normal skin, the sebaceous and sweat glands work normally and skin impurities rarely occur. It is fine-pored, matt and has a young and fresh appearance. The right care is essential for this skin type as well, so that this skin condition is maintained. Since this skin condition is not robust, the wrong care can easily lead to dry or oily skin.

How do I care for normal skin?


Aim: Maintaining the skin’s balanced protective acid mantle, protecting the skin from negative external influences, preventing changes in the skin’s condition caused by incorrect care.

Cleansing: The facial skin can be cleansed with an O/W cleansing milk. Washing lotions with gentle tensides and preferably slightly acidic pH-values can also be used. Surfactant-containing washing lotions should, however, be used sparingly and rinsed off thoroughly so as not to irritate the skin. Peeling of the skin is not necessary more often than once a week. The body should also preferably be cleaned with a shower gel with a slightly acidic pH value. Body peeling and full bath can be carried out. The skin should be creamed afterwards.

Toning: After cleansing, a facial toner is spread evenly over the face with a cloth or cotton pad. Any remaining make-up or washing lotion is removed. The pH Value of the skin is normalized and the skin is refreshed. For the facial tonic, a small amount of alcohol as well as moisturizing and soothing active ingredients are preferable.

Care: For day care, an O/W cream with slightly moisturizing active ingredients (aloe vera, glycerine) and protective components (vitamins C and E) is recommended. For more mature skin hyaluronic acid may also be included. For sunny months the day care should have a sun protection factor (alternatively the make-up). For night care a vitamin-rich and moisturizing cream should be used to allow the skin to regenerate. A moisturizing serum is also recommended as additional care, especially during the cold months. For the body, a thin-bodied, easily spreadable O/W body lotion can be chosen.

Sources: Elsässer, S. (2008). Körperpflegekunde und Kosmetik: Ein Lehrbuch für die PTA-Ausbildung und die Beratung in der Apothekenpraxis (1. Aufl.). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. | Herrmann, K. & Trinkkeller, U. (2006). Dermatologie und medizinische Kosmetik: Leitfaden für die kosmetische. Würzburg, Heidelberg:Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg.