Essential Oils from A-Z

Basil

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Ocimum basilicum
  • Plant part: Leaves and flowering shoot tips
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Powerful and intense, balsamic, fresh-sweet, light and spicy
  • Cosmetic use: Acne, blackheads, mature skin
  • Goes with: Angelica, bergamot, geranium, lavender, linaloe, clary sage, patchouli, rosemary, juniper, hyssop, cypress.

Plant
Basil belongs to the family of labiates and flowers mainly from June to September. Basil is native to tropical and subtropical Asia. The plant is also cultivated in greenhouses in temperate latitudes. On the Comoros and La Réunion an essential oil with a high tarragol content is extracted from the native basil. This has a balancing and antispasmodic effect.

Extraction of essential basil oil
Essential basil oil is extracted from the leaves and flowering shoot tips by steam distillation. The color of the oil is clear to light yellow. 500 – 1000 kilograms (1102 – 2205 lbs) of flowering plant yield 1 liter (34 ounces) of essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential basil oil
Essential basil oil strengthens and refreshes the skin and has a positive effect on skin health. It has a strong stimulating effect on blood circulation, which in turn stimulates cell renewal and thus supports the rejuvenation of the skin. It also has an anti-inflammatory and strong antibacterial effect and is therefore ideal for the treatment of acne and blackheads.

Application note
Do not use during pregnancy or if you have epilepsy. The exotic basil oil contains up to 90% ether, which can be very irritating to the skin. Therefore apply only in very diluted form.


Benzoin

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Styrax benzoin
  • Plant part: Resin
  • Manufacturing process: Alcohol extraction
  • Scent: Vanilla, sweet, smooth
  • Cosmetic use: Dry, mature, irritated, itchy skin, sun damage, psoriasis, acne.
  • Goes with: Cypress, patchouli, vanilla.

Plant
The benzoic tree or styrax tree is a tree species native to Indonesia, China, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand and Vietnam. The tropical tree can live up to 200 years and the resin is harvested by scratching its bark to catch the resin. The resin is then dissolved in ethylene glycol.

Extraction of essential benzoic oil
The viscous, sticky essential oil is obtained from the thick reddish-brown resin by alcohol extraction. It has a golden brown color.

Cosmetic use of essential benzoic oil
Essential benzoic oil has a healing, antiseptic and calming effect. It is recommended for dry, irritated and itchy skin. It also soothes sun damage and psoriasis and makes mature skin more elastic. Due to its antibacterial properties, it can also be used for acne and other inflammations.

Application note
The essential oil should only be applied diluted and is not suitable for children under 2 years. There is also the variant Benzoe Sumatra, which is available for sale. This oil does not have the same fully pronounced effect and is cheaper to produce.


Bergamot

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus aurantium bergamia
  • Plant part: Fruit peel
  • Manufacturing process: Cold pressing
  • Scent: Intense, sweet and fruity
  • Cosmetic use: Combination skin, oily, impure, dry skin, acne
  • Goes with: Lavender, cypress, neroli, lemon balm, black pepper.

Plant
Bergamot belongs to the citrus fruit genus. Bergamot is mainly cultivated in Calabria, Italy and owes its name to the city of Bergamo. The fruit is not used as an edible fruit because it is too sour. Bergamot is grown for the production of essential oil, which is mainly used in the cosmetics industry and for flavouring Earl Grey Tea and Lady Grey Tea.

Extraction of essential bergamot oil
By cold pressing the skin of the almost ripe fruit, the light yellow or light green essential oil is obtained. 200 kilograms (441 lbs) yield about 1 liter (34 oz) of essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential bergamot oil
Bergamot regulates oily and combination skin and has a soothing effect on dry, itchy skin. Bergamot oil also improves the skin tone. Due to the healing properties of bergamot essential oil, it is suitable for the treatment of scars. It is also antibacterial and antiviral. A local treatment is effective for herpes blisters and pimples.

Application note
The essential oil is not toxic and diluted with a carrier oil it does not irritate the skin. When purchasing, it should be noted that only oils without Bergapten (Bergamot FCF) should be purchased, as all other qualities are phototoxic. This means that blisters and redness can occur when the applied oil comes into contact with light or UV light.


Birch

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Betula alba
  • Plant part: Leaves, bark
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Mild, woody and spicy
  • Cosmetic use: Combination skin, mature skin
  • Goes with: Juniper, conifer.

Plant
The white birch is native to Europe, North Africa and the Near East. It occurs wild on fallow land, heaths and in light forests. The birch only blooms in spring and the leaves rot quickly in autumn and can therefore easily be composted into leaf compost.

Extraction of essential birch oil
Essential birch oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves and bark. 35 kilograms (77 lbs) produce 1 liter (34 ounces) of oil. The oil obtained has a light yellow color.

Cosmetic use of essential birch oil
Essential birch oil regulates combination skin and makes mature skin look younger. Birch oil is also effective against cellulite. Due to its antiseptic effect, it is also excellent for combating dandruff and psoriasis and makes the hair shine. Birch oil has also proven effective in the treatment of hair loss.

Application note
Apply the essential well diluted (< 2 %). It is not suitable for pregnant women and children under the age of 15 and for people taking anticoagulants.


Cajeput

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Melaleuca cajuputi
  • Plant part: Leaves and twigs
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweet, fresh, similar to the eucalyptus scent
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, impure skin, combination skin, acne, dandruff & psoriasis
  • Goes with: Angelica, bergamot, geranium, lavender, clary sage, pine, rosemary and ylang-ylang.

Plant
The cajeput tree belongs to the myrtle family and is native to South East Asia and Northern Australia. It reaches a height of 15 to a maximum of 40 m. The pointed leaves resemble the eucalyptus leaves and have an aromatic scent. Only from the fourth year on leaves and twigs can be harvested, preferably during the dry season between May and August.

Extraction of essential cajeput oil
Essential cajeput oil is obtained by steam distillation of the fresh leaves and branches. 100 – 125 kilograms (220 – 276lbs) result in 1 liter (34 ounces) of oil. It has a clear to light yellow color.

Cosmetic use of essential cajeput oil
Essential cajeput oil strengthens the skin by regulating oily and combination skin. Due to its antibacterial effect, it inhibits the formation of bacteria, which are responsible for the development of acne. It also fights hair loss, dandruff and psoriasis.

Application note
The oil is usually not irritating to the skin, but not suitable for children, pregnant women and babies. Also keep away from mucous membranes.


Camphor

  • Essential oil
  • Botanical name: Cinnamomum camphora
  • Plant part: Wood, twigs and leaves
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Eucalyptus-like, sharp, medical
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, blemished, poorly circulated skin, acne.

Plant
The camphor tree is native to Taiwan, China and Japan and can get very old. At the age of 50 it begins to produce essential oil.

Extraction of essential camphor oil
The clear or “white” camphor oil is extracted from the wood, branches and leaves using double steam distillation. Only through the double distillation the essential oil used for aromatherapy can be obtained.

Cosmetic use of essential camphor oil
Essential camphor oil has a cooling effect at first and then a warming effect and thus stimulates the blood circulation of the skin. It is well suited for skin with poor circulation, blemished skin and acne skin.

Application note
Camphor oil can be irritating to the skin. The oil should not be used by epileptics, pregnant women and small children.


Carrot Seeds

  • Essential oil
  • Botanical name: Daucus Carota
  • Plant part: Dried seeds
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Mild, sweet, peppery
  • Cosmetic use: Mature, dry, impure skin, acne.

Plant
The carrot belongs to the umbellifer family and is actually a biennial plant, but it is only cultivated as an annual plant. Usually only the root is used for comsumption. After tomatoes, carrots are the most widely grown vegetable in the EU.

Extraction of essential carrot seed oil
Carrot seed oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried seeds. The oil has a yellow-brown color. 60 – 100 kilograms yield 1 litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential carrot seed oil
Carrot seed oil has a remarkable healing effect. The oil is contained in many conventional cosmetic products. It moisturizes tired and sallow skin, it tightens, vitalizes and rejuvenates. Thanks to its blood-cleansing properties, it also regulates blemished skin and is therefore well suited for acne care.

Application note
After a treatment with essential carrot seed oil the skin should not be directly exposed to the sun.


Citronella

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Cymbopogon nardus
  • Plant part: Stems
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Lemony, fresh
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, impure skin
  • Goes with: Bergamot and other citrus oils, geranium, lavender, pine, peppermint.

Plant
Citronella belongs to the genus of sweet grasses. There are about 55 to 70 different species of the plant. Citronella is an evergreen plant that reaches a height of 1 to 2 m. Today the plant is cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, China, England, Africa, Central and South America.

Extraction of essential citronella oil
The light yellow to dark yellow oil is obtained trough steam distillation from the fresh or dried stalks. 100 kilograms result in 1 litre essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential citronella oil
Due to its toning effect, Citronella has a balancing effect on oily skin.

Application note
In diluted form (<5%) the oil is not irritating, but it is not suitable for sensitive skin.


Cloves

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia caryophyllata
  • Plant part: Buds
  • Manufacturing process: Steam destillation
  • Scent: Earthy, warm, sweet
  • Cosmetic use:Acne, warts, mature skin, dentistry
  • Goes with: Aniseed, basil, cajeput, eucalyptus, fennel, ginger oil, iris oil, cardamom, coriander oil, cumin, tangerine, orange, cinnamon, lemon oil.

Plant
The clove tree belongs to the myrtle family. It is a long-lived, evergreen tree that can reach a height of over 10 m. Cloves are the dried flower buds of the tropical tree. They develop during the rainy season and must be harvested before they open. The clove tree is now cultivated almost everywhere.

Extraction of essential clove oil
The clear to pale yellow oil can be obtained by steam distillation of the buds. It takes 6 – 8 kilograms of the air-dried clove heads to extract 1 litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential clove oil
Essential clove oil kills bacteria and is therefore excellent for treating acne and other inflammations as well as warts. It has a supportive effect on sagging skin and wrinkles. Essential clove oil is also traditionally used for dental care. It has an antiseptic and mild anaesthetic effect and thus fights bacteria responsible for bad breath and reduces swelling of gums and toothache.

Application note
The essential oil must be strongly diluted ( <0.5 %). It should never be used on sensitive or damaged skin and on children under 7 years of age. Under no circumstances should the oil be consumed orally.


Coriander / Cilantro

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Coriandrum sativum
  • Plant part: Seeds
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweet, spicy, slightly fruity
  • Cosmetic use: Acne, dermatritis, abscesses, mature skin, bruises, mature skin
  • Goes with: Bergamot, ginger, lemon, neroli, jasmine, cinnamon, clary sage.

Plant
The coriander plant belongs to the Umbellifer family. Coriander is found all over the world and is known as a medicinal and spice plant.

Extraction of essential coriander oil
Coriander oil is obtained by steam distillation of the seeds of the coriander plant. The oil has a clear or light yellow color.

Cosmetic use of essential coriander oil
Due to its antiseptic effect, essential coriander oil is well suited for the treatment of blemishes such as pimples and blackheads.


Cypress

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Cupressus sempervirens
  • Plant part: Cones
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Woody, nutty, spicy
  • Cosmetic Use: Oily, blemished skin
  • Goes with: Clary sage, bergamot, lemon, lavender, ginger, juniper, pine, geranium.

Plant
Cypresses are evergreen plants or trees that form female and male cones. They are found in all warm climates, in western North America as well as Central America, China, Vietnam, Africa and the Middle East.

Extraction of essential cypress oil
The clear to pale yellow oil is obtained by steam distillation of the cones. 70 – 100 kilograms yield 1 litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential cypress oil
Essential cypress oil strengthens the skin and is ideal for oily and sagging skin due to its balancing effect. Thanks to its antiseptic effect it supports the healing of blemishes. Cypress has a warming, drying and calming effect.


Genuine Chamomile / Roman Chamomile

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Matricaria recutita / Anthemis nobilis
  • Plant part: Stems
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Herbaceous, fruity
  • Cosmetic use: Clogged pores, blemished skin, acne
  • Goes with: Bergamot, clary sage, lavender, geranium, jasmine, tea tree, grapefruit, rose, lemon, ylang ylang.

Plant
The Genuine Chamomile and the Roman Chamomile belong to the family of daisies. The flowers of chamomile are similar to those of daisies. Chamomile is an annual herb that can grow up to 60 cm tall. Of the various chamomile species, the real chamomile and the Roman chamomile have the greatest healing effect.

Extraction of essential chamomile oil
Through steam distillation, essential chamomile oil is extracted from the flower heads of Roman chamomile and from the dried flowers of real chamomile and has a deep blue color. 150 – 300 kilograms (331 – 662 lbs) produce 1 liter (34 oz) of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential chamomile oil
Essential chamomile oil has a strong healing effect on the skin. It has a calming and anti-inflammatory effect and thus frees blocked pores, soothes blemished skin and acne. An application is also recommended for itchy scalp and dandruff. Essential chamomile oil also heals and cleanses the skin.

Application note
The essential oil is not suitable for pregnant women. It is non-toxic and does not irritate when diluted.


Elemi

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Canarium luzonicum
  • Plant part: Resin
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Earthy, spicy, light, woody, lemony
  • Cosmetic use: Mature, dry and oily skin.

Plant
The elemi tree originates from the Philippines and its neighbouring countries. It is related to frankincense and myrrh and belongs to the balsam tree family.

Extraction of essential elemi oil
The light yellow oil is extracted from the resin of the Elemi tree by steam distillation.

Cosmetic use of essential elemi oil
Elemi oil promotes collagen formation and cell renewal and is therefore ideal for mature, sun-damaged and dry skin. It also regulates oily skin.

Application note
The oil should only be applied in diluted form (< 1 %).


Eucalyptus

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Eucalyptus globulus
  • Plant part: Leaves
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Strongly combative, woody, medical
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, blemished skin, acne
  • Goes with: Cajeput, Douglas fir, verbena, spruce needle, pine, lavender, lemongrass, litsea cubeba, lemon balm oil, mint, myrtle, niaouli, peppermint oil, thyme oil, silver fir, hyssop, cedar oil, Swiss stone pine, lemon oil.

Plant
There are many species of eucalyptus the Eucalyptus Globulus or the Blue Eucalyptus, which is the most cultivated. Originally only native to Tasmania and Australia, eucalyptus trees can be found almost everywhere on plantations nowadays. There are over 600 species of eucalyptus, but only 20 of them are used for the production of essential oil. The eucalyptus tree is one of the highest trees growing on earth.

Extraction of essential eucalyptus oil
Eucalyptus oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves and has a clear to light yellow color. 50 kilograms of the young or dried leaves yield 1 litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential eucalyptus oil
Due to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect, essential eucalyptus oil regulates oily skin and relieves acne. Thanks to its antibacterial and antifungal action, eucalyptus oil also relieves dandruff and parasitic skin diseases.

Application note
The essential oil is not suitable for people suffering from high blood pressure or epilepsy. It may also prevent the effects of homeopathic medicines. Eucalyptus should also not be used on small children and asthmatics, since the oil can cause them to stop breathing. Generally, essential eucalyptus oil should only be applied in small doses and always diluted with a carrier oil.


Grapefruit

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus paradisi
  • Plant part: Fruit peel
  • Manufacturing process: Cold pressing
  • Scent: Herb-sweetish, citrus scent
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, large-pored skin, acne.

Plant
The grapefruit is the fruit of the grapefruit tree and belongs to the citrus fruit family. The tree reaches a height of up to 10 m, has shiny green leaves and white flowers and bears yellow or the more popular pink fruits. The largest grapefruit producers are China, the USA and Vietnam.

Extraction of essential grapefruit oil
The yellow, light green or light orange essential oil is obtained by mechanical cold pressing of the fruit peel. 200 – 300 kilograms of the peel make 1 liter of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential grapefruit oil
Essential grapefruit oil has a slightly antiseptic and astringent effect, tightens the skin, promotes blood circulation, refines pores and relieves acne. It also cares for oily skin and hair.

Application note
The essential oil is non-toxic and does not irritate the skin in diluted form (< 3%). As the furanocoumarins contained in the oil have a phototoxic effect on the skin, sun exposure should be avoided 12 hours after application.


Immortelle

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Helichrysum italicum
  • Plant part: Blossoms
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Fruity, honey-like
  • Cosmetic use: Acne, dermatitis, abscesses, mature skin, bruises, mature skin
  • Goes with: Chamomile, geranium, lavender.

Plant
Immortelle, curry herb or also Italian strawflower belongs to the family of composite plants. It is native to the Mediterranean region and blooms between May and August. It owes its name to its bright yellow flowers, which retain their color even when dried, which is why the plant is also called the immortal flower.

Extraction of essential immortelle oil
Immortelle oil is obtained by steam distillation of the flowers. The oil has a yellow or slightly reddish color. 1 – 1.5 tons of blossoms yield 1 liter of essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential immortelle oil
Due to its anti-inflammatory and regenerating effect, immortelle oil is ideal for treating skin problems such as acne or dermatitis. Since the oil contains antioxidants, it counteracts premature skin aging. Immortelle essential oil is also a proven agent for wound healing, since it has antibacterial and disinfecting effects. The oil has a calming effect on allergic rashes and nervous tingling.

Application note
The oil must be well diluted (< 0.5 %). The oil should not be consumed orally.


Juniper

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Juniperus communis
  • Plant part: Dried berries
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Fresh, fruity, warm, woody
  • Cosmetic use: Blemsihes, oily skin, acne, blackheads
  • Goes with: Ginger, cypress, iris, lemongrass, oranges, cajeput, rosemary, thyme, basil, angelica, lemon.

Plant
The evergreen juniper is found all over Europe. Junipers are coniferous trees or shrubs of the genus Juniperus of the cypress family. Depending on the taxonomic point of view, between 50 and 67 juniper species are widespread throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arctic, the South to tropical Africa, from Ziarat, Pakistan, to Eastern Tibet in the Old World and the mountains of Central America. The highest known juniper forest occurs at an altitude of 4,900 meters in southeastern Tibet and the northern Himalayas, forming one of the highest tree lines on earth.

Extraction of essential juniper oil
Essential juniper oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried berries and is colorless or light yellow. 50 – 200 kilograms of the plant produce one liter of essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential juniper oil
Essential juniper oil has a stimulating, astringent and detoxifying effect. It also frees blocked pores and regulates oily skin. It is also excellently suited for the care of acne-prone and blemished skin. Juniper oil can also be used to treat eczema and dandruff as well as psoriasis.

Application note
The essential oil should not be used during pregnancy or in case of acute kidney disease.


Lavender

  • Essential oil
  • Botanical name: Lavandula latifolia, angustifolia
  • Plant part: Whole plant
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Flowery, herbaceous, sweet
  • Cosmetic use: Blemished, dry skin, acne
  • Passt zu: Bergamot, geranium, lemon, neroli, rose, peppermint, clary sage.

Plant
Lavender is cultivated up to 900 m above sea level and offers a wide range of healing effects. Some types of Lavender are wild mountain lavender, which grows between 800 m and 1,800 m above sea level. The harvest is laborious, but you are always rewarded with special qualities. The higher the growing region is, the more esters and ingredients the lavender has. The lavender is a plant from the genus Labiates which today is mainly used as an ornamental plant and for the extraction of aromatic substances. There are 3 types of lavender, from each of which lavender oil of different quality is extracted: Real lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), spiked lavender (Lavandula latifolia) and the lavandin (Lavandula hybrida). Lavandula angustifolia and latifolia have the greatest healing effects. 

Extraction of essential lavender oil
Essential lavender oil is obtained by steam distillation of the whole plant. The oil has a clear color and is thinly flowing.

Cosmetic use of essential lavender oil
Linalool, which is contained in large quantities in lavender oil, has anti-inflammatory and disinfecting effects on the skin, thus preventing impurities. It also supports the healing of red pimple marks. Lavender oil can also help with more serious skin diseases such as psoriasis by preventing the further spread of psoiatic spots. In general, essential lavender oil renews the skin cells and accelerates the healing process of the skin. It can also be used for burns and sunburn. Essential lavender oil is suitable for all skin types.a


Lemon

Zitrone
  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus limon
  • Plant part: Fruit skin
  • Manufacturing process: Cold pressing
  • Scent: Lemony
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, mature skin
  • Goes with: Eucalyptus, fennel, lavender, sea pine, mint, myrtle, neroli, sandalwood, thyme, juniper, hyssop, cedar, Swiss stone pine, cypress.

Plant
The lemon tree originally stems from India and has been brought to Europe throughout time. The lemon tree is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree. Compared to other citrus plants, it is fast growing and large. Especially young shoots are covered with small, thin thorns. The shoots are reddish, the buds are pink, and the otherwise white petals are pink to purple on the underside.

Extraction of essential lemon oil
The clear essential lemon oil is obtained by cold pressing the fruit skin. 3000 lemons are needed for 1 liter of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential lemon oil
Essential lemon oil tightens and detoxifies. It also stimulates the blood circulation, cleanses oily skin and helps to reduce wrinkles. It is also used to lighten facial skin and treat oily and acne-prone facial skin.

Application note
Lemon oil can be slightly irritating to the skin, therefore only small doses should be applied. Sunlight on skin treated with lemon oil can cause irritations and therefore sun exposure should be avoided after a treatment.


Lime

Limette
  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus aurantifolia
  • Plant part: Fruit skin
  • Manufacturing process: Cold pressing and steam distillation
  • Scent: Citrus scent, fresh, spicy
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, blemished skin, acne
  • Goes with: Angelica, bergamot, geranium, lavender, linaloe wood, clary sage, patchouli, rosemary, juniper, hyssop, cypress.

Plant
The lime belongs to the genus of citrus fruits and is native to tropical and subtropical regions. It is cultivated in countries such as Sri Lanka, India, the USA, Brazil, Mexico and Kenya. The lime is much more sensitive to cold than the lemon and therefore needs a tropical climate to thrive.

Extraction of essential lime oil
The light yellow or light olive green essential lime oil is obtained by cold pressing the fruit skin. 1 litre of essential oil is extracted from 150 kilograms of fruit skin.

Cosmetic use of essential lime oil
Essential lime oil has an astringent effect and regulates / normalizes sebum production in oily skin and acne-prone skin. The essential oil also frees blocked pores and has a clarifying effect.

Application note
Lime oil, which is obtained by steam distillation, is harmless and non-irritating. Lime oil obtained from cold pressing can make the skin light-sensitive and cause skin irritation. Preferably oil from organic farming should be used, as citrus fruits are often heavily sprayed with pesticides.


Myrrh

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Commiphora myrrha, Commiphora molmol
  • Plant part: Dried resin
  • Manufacturing process: Solvent process
  • Scent: Strong, bitter
  • Cosmetic use: Acne, mature skin
  • Goes with: Cedar wood, cypress, frankincense, lemon, patchouli, sandalwood.

Plant
The myrrh tree belongs to the balsam tree family. It originally stems from the Middle East, North Africa and North India. The myrrh is a bushy shrub or small tree that grows to a height of about 10 m. It has gnarled branches, white flowers and fragrant leaves.

Extraction of essential myrrh oil
Myrrh is not an essential oil, but a resinoid. The resin is dissolved with a solvent, usually brandy. The end product is quite sticky. 10 – 15 kg of the resin are needed for one liter of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential myrrh oil
Essential myrrh oil has a healing effect on the skin. It strengthens the skin tone and prevents wrinkles by revitalizing the skin. It is particularly effective in healing wounds and is therefore well suited for the treatment of acne. Myrrh oil is suitable for the care of cracked, brittle or chapped skin and eczema.

Application note
The essential oil should not be used during pregnancy. It should be applied in a diltuted form (less than 0.2%) for it to not be irritating.


Neroli

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus aurantium
  • Plant part: Blossoms
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweet-flowery, strong, refreshing, lovely
  • Cosmetic use: Mature, oily, impure, dry skin, acne
  • Goes with: All citrus scents, geranium, jasmine, lavender, rose, sandalwood, cedar wood.

Plant
The bitter orange belongs to the citrus fruit family. Nowadays, the bitter orange is mainly cultivated in the Maghreb states as well as Spain and the Caribbean. Neroli oil is one of the most expensive essential oils, since 1 ton of flowers are needed for 1 litre of oil.

Extraction of essential neroli oil
Neroli oil is obtained by steam distillation of the blossoms. The oil has a light yellow color.

Cosmetic use of essential neroli oil
Neroli oil nourishes and tightens the skin, regulates the moisture balance and reduces dryness lines. It is a gently firming oil, which keeps the skin elastic and is well suited for for the care of oily and impure skin. Neroli oil is suitable for all skin types, but is particularly valuable for mature, dry and sensitive skin, as it supports the regeneration of healthy new skin cells.


Orange

Orangenbaum
  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus sinensis
  • Plant part: Fruit skin
  • Manufacturing process: Cold pressing
  • Scent: Sweet, fruity, citrusy
  • Cosmetic use: Mature, oily skin
  • Goes with: Lemon, sandalwood, vetiver, incense, cinnamon, ginger, black pepper, cloves.

Plant
The evergreen orange tree belongs to the genus of citrus plants. It originates from China or Southeast Asia and is nowadays mainly cultivated in Brazil, China and India. The tree is of small to medium height with a maximum height of 10 m.

Extraction of essential orange oil
The light or orange-greenish oil is obtained by cold pressing the fruit skin. 200 – 300 kilograms of fruit skin make one litre of the essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential orange oil
Essential orange oil stimulates collagen formation and also promotes the skin’s natural ability to regenerate. It has a firming and astringent effect, clarifies oily skin and leaves tired skin looking refreshed. The oil preserves the natural radiance of the skin with its calming and regenerating effect.

Application note
In general, the essential oil of the orange is well tolerated. However, in the case of very sensitive skin the oil should be used sparingly.


Palmarosa

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Cymbopogon martinii
  • Plant part: Stems, leaves
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweet, flowery, rosy
  • Cosmetic use: Dry, mature, oily, impure skin, acne
  • Goes with: Ylang-ylang, rosemary, bergamot, geranium, lime.

Plant
Palmarosa is a wild grass native to India and is related to lemongrass. Today palmarosa is cultivated mainly in Indonesia, East Africa, Brazil and on the Comoros. The grass grows quite high, between 1.3 and 3 m, with a light green color and a strong thin trunk. Palmarosa grows slowly and takes three months to flower; after flowering it can be harvested. It was given the name Palmarosa because of its sweet-smelling, flowery rose aroma.

Extraction of essential palmarosa oil
By steam distillation, the thin light yellow oil is extracted from the dried or fresh stems and leaves.

Cosmetic use of essential palmarosa oil
Palmarosa is excellently suited for skin care. It moisturizes, balances, stimulates cell regeneration, regulates sebum production and reduces fine lines. It frees clogged pores and due to its antiseptic effect it is well suited for the treatment of acne.


(Indian) Patchouli

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Pogostemon cablin
  • Plant part: Leaves
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Woodsy, earthy, sweet
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, blemished skin, acne
  • Goes with: Jasmine, musk, lemon, ylang ylang, tonka, rose, lavender, incense.

Plant
Patchouli oil is extracted from the Indian patchouli plant. It belongs to the labiate family and is a persistent, herbaceous plant. The plant reaches a height of 30 to 100 cm. Patchouli grows expansively and has hairy leaves and white-pink flowers.

Extraction of essential patchouli oil
Essential patchouli oil is obtained from the dried leaves by steam distillation. This requires 30 – 35 kilograms of leaves for one liter of oil. The oil is light yellow to light green in color.

Cosmetic use of essential patchouli oil
Essential patchouli oil promotes the regeneration of the skin. It reduces scars and stretch marks and provides the skin with moisture. The oil has an astringent effect and regulates sebum production. It is also well suited for the treatment of acne since it reduces inflammation.


Petitgrain

Bitterorange
  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Citrus aurantium amara
  • Plant part: Twigs, leaves and unripe fruit
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Floral, woody, fresh
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, blemished skin, acne
  • Goes with: Bergamot, frankincense, lavender, palmarosa, geranium, rosemary and sandalwood.

Plant
Like neroli oil, this oil is extracted from the bitter orange as well. The tree reaches a height of 5 – 7 m and has evergreen leaves.

Extraction of essential petitgrain oil
Petitgrain is obtained by steam distillation of the twigs and leaves. The result is a light yellow to amber oil. It takes 100 – 200 kg of the plant to extract one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential petitgrain oil
Petitgrain is an antiseptic and has a calming effect on acne skin and inflamed skin. It also regulates sebum production and can therefore be used for the care of oily skin and very greasy hair. It also makes dull skin look fresher.


Rose Geranium

Rosengeranie
  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Pelargonium graveolens
  • Plant part: Leaves and green stems
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweet-rose-like, flowery and fresh
  • Cosmetic use: All skin types, oily hair, dandruff
  • Goes with: Bergamot, lavender, lemon, marjoram, neroli, orange, palmarosa, pink, sandalwood.

Plant
The plant originally stems from South Africa, but is now mainly cultivated in Réunion, China and Egypt. The geranium or stork beak belongs to the most species-rich genus of the cranesbill family. 

Extraction of essential geranium oil
Essential geranium oil is extracted from the leaves and green stems by steam distillation. The color of the oil is green or amber yellow. 500 kilograms of the stems and leaves make 1 litre of essential oil.

Cosmetic use of essential geranium oil
The essential geranium oil is suitable for all skin types and strengthens the skin. It has an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect and thus relieves acne and cools inflammation and dryness. The oil also regulates the scalp and is suitable for the treatment of dandruff and for the regulation of sebum production.

Application note
The essential oil is not toxic and does not irratate the skin in diluted form.


Rose Otto – Dermascener Rose

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Rosa damascena, Rosa centifolia
  • Plant part: Blossoms
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Flowery, warm, feminine
  • Cosmetic use: Mature, dry, itchy skin
  • Goes with: Bergamot, chamomile, clary sage, geranium, jasmine, lavender, patchouli.

Plant
The rose belongs to the rose family and originally comes from Persia. A distinction is made between wild roses and cultivated roses. Wild roses produce rosehips in winter, which serve as food for animals.

Extraction of essential rose oil
Essential rose oil is obtained by steam distillation of the blossoms. The result is clear or light yellow oil. 1 drop of the essential oil is extracted from about 30 blossoms. Five tons of blossoms make one liter of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential rose oil
Essential rose oil rejuvenates and hydrates the skin. It promotes cell and tissue regeneration and thus keeps the skin elastic while reducing wrinkles. It also helps to heal sunburn, burns and scalds. Due to its anti-inflammatory effect, it soothes dry, burning and itchy skin. Rose essential oil has a refreshing and astringent effect on the facial capillaries and reduces redness.

Application note
The essential oil should not be used during the first three months of pregnancy.


Rosemary

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Rosmarinus officinalis
  • Plant part: Fresh, flowering shoot tips
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Fresh, spicy, resinous, herbaceous
  • Cosmetic use: Skin infections, hair loss, dandruff, oily & impure skin
  • Goes with: Basil, lavender, lemon grass, orange, lemon, peppermint, petitgrain, pine.

Plant
Rosemary is a small evergreen shrub that grows in the western and central Mediterranean area. It has silvery green leaves, light blue flowers and an intense aromatic scent. Ideally whole branches should be harvested, not individual needles. It can be harvested all year round.

Extraction of essential rosemary oil
Essential rosemary oil is obtained by steam distillation of the fresh, flowering shoots. It is almost colorless. 50 kilograms of the plant make one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of essential rosemary oil
Essential rosemary oil has anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antibacterial properties and contains antibacterial and antifungal substances. It is therefore well suited for the care of skin inflammations such as impurities. It also regulates oily skin. Since the essential oil stimulates the blood circulation, it prevents hair loss and dandruff.

Application note
Essential rosemary oil promotes menstruation, so it should not be used during pregnancy. Furthermore, rosemary should not be used if you have a tendency to epilepsy or sensitive skin. It should also not be used by children under six years of age.

 


Sage

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Salvia officinalis
  • Plant part: Whole plant
  • Manufacturing process: Steam destillation
  • Scent: Clear, spicy, fresh, herbaceous
  • Cosmetic Use: Large pores, mature and dry skin, dandruff.

Plant
The evergreen sage herb originally stems from the Mediterranean region, but is now cultivated almost everywhere. All parts of the plant exude an aromatic smell and the flowering period of the medicinal herb lasts from May to July.

Extraction of essential sage oil
The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the plant. It has a thin consistency and clear color.

Cosmetic use of essential sage oil
Essential sage oil stimulates the blood circulation and thus strengthens the skin tone and refines the pores. The antioxidants it contains prevent skin ageing caused by free radicals and also refresh tired skin. Due to its antimycotic effect it is effective in the treatment of dandruff.


Sandalwood

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Santalum album
  • Plant part: Heartwood
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweetish, woody, velvety, soft
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, dry, itchy skin, acne
  • Goes with: Benzoin oil, jasmine oil, rose oil, vetiver, incense, ylang ylang, lemon oil.

Plant
The sandalwood tree is a small, evergreen tree whose height varies depending on its geographical location. Thus, the Australian sandalwood tree reaches a height of about 4 m while in India it reaches a height of almost 20 m. The wood of the tree is so sought after that the species is now threatened. Therefore it is important that the oil stems from sustainable production.

Extraction of essential sandalwood oil
The essential oil is extracted from the heartwood of the tree by steam distillation. It has a light to golden yellow color. 16 – 25 kilograms make one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of sandalwood oil
Essential sandalwood oil protects and regulates the skin. It has anti-inflammatory and astringent effects and balances oily, itchy and dry skin. In general, sandalwood is suitable for all skin types and has a balancing, caring and calming effect.

Application note
Sandalwood essential oil must not be used during a kidney inflammation.


Tea Tree

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Melaleuca alternifolia
  • Plant part: Leaves
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Medical, balsamic, intensive
  • Cosmetic use: Acne, impure, oily skin, dandruff, body odor
  • Goes with: Cloves, eucalyptus, lavender, lemon, pine, rosemary, thyme.

Plant
The Australian Tea Tree is mainly cultivated in New South Wales. It is an evergreen shrub or tree, grows up to 7 m tall and has a bushy crown. The tea tree is a hermaphrodite, which means that it has both female and male genitals.

Extraction of essential tea tree oil
Essential tea tree oil is extracted from the leaves by steam distillation and has a clear color. 50 kilograms of the leaves make one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of sandalwood tea tree oil
Essential tea tree oil has a strong healing effect and is known for its particularly antiseptic properties. It relieves acne and skin infections and fights dandruff and oily hair. Tea tree oil also has a strong deodorizing effect and prevents body odor.

Application note
The essential oil can be slightly irritating and should not be applied to very sensitive skin.


Thyme

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Thymus vulgaris
  • Plant part: Leaves and flowering shoot tips
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Hot, spicy, herbaceous
  • Cosmetic use: Acne
  • Goes with: Bergamot, clove, eucalyptus, lavender, mandarin, lemon, pine.

Plant
Thyme is a low creeping herb which has been used as a medicinal and spice herb for centuries. Native to the Mediterranean, thyme is cultivated almost everywhere nowadays. The stems of thyme are rather narrow or even wiry. The leaves of most species are evergreen, arranged in pairs, oval, 4 – 20 mm long and usually aromatic. The thyme blossoms are yellow, white or purple.

Extraction of essential thyme oil
The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves and flowering shoots. It has a clear to light yellow color. 100 – 150 kilograms of the plant make one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of thyme oil
Essential thyme oil is able to fight acne. Numerous creams and ointments for acne treatment contain the active ingredient benzoyl peroxide, which kills the acne pathogen propionibacterium. Studies show that the active ingredients contained in essential thyme oil are equivalent to this chemical substance.

Application note
The essential oil should not be used under the following conditions: Epilepsy, pregnancy, hyperthyroidism and high blood pressure. Thyme oil is highly irritating to the skin, therefore only small doses should be used.


Yarrow

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Achillea millefolium
  • Plant part: Dried plant
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Strong, slightly sweetish
  • Cosmetic use: Oily, impure skin
  • Goes with: Basil, bergamot, geranium, lavender, balm, clary sage, myrtle, hyssop.

Plant
This wild herb plant is native to all of Europe and western Asia. It belongs to the composite family. The yarrow is a so-called cosmopolitan, which means that the plant is spread over large parts of the earth. It can be found in meadows, pastures and on the edges of forests.

Extraction of essential yarrow oil
The essential oil is extracted from the dried plant by steam distillation. The oil is light or dark blue-green. 250 kilograms of the dried plant make one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of yarrow oil
This medicinal plant was already very popular with the ancient Greeks and Egyptians. The essential oil has an antispetish effect and is therefore ideal for the treatment of smaller wounds, scar tissue, ulcers, poorly healing wounds and itchy skin complaints. It also has a calming effect on oily and impure skin.

Application note
The essential oil should not be used during pregnancy since it has a contraction-promoting effect. After using yarrow essential oil, direct sunlight should be avoided.


Ylang-Ylang

  • Essential Oil
  • Botanical name: Cananga odorata
  • Plant part: Blossoms
  • Manufacturing process: Steam distillation
  • Scent: Sweet, flowery, exotic and intense
  • Cosmetic use: Combination skin, oily and mature skin, acne.

Plant
The ylang-ylang tree, which is native to Asia, is cultivated mainly in Madagascar, Sumatra, Haiti, Java, Zanzibar and the Comoros. It belongs to the family of annonas and grows up to 25 m tall. The ylang-lang tree begins to flower from at age of 3 or 4 years. The flowers are not particularly noticeable as they appear pale green – almost the same color as the leaves. As they ripen, the flowers turn light green and take on a darker yellow tone shortly before they fall off. It is their heavenly scent that makes the flowers of these fragrant trees so special – they’re a key ingredient in Chanel No. 5.

Extraction of essential Ylang-Ylang oil
The light yellow oil is obtained from the ylang-ylang flowers by steam and water distillation. 40 – 60 kilograms of blossoms make one litre of oil.

Cosmetic use of Ylang-Ylang oil
Ylang-Ylang cares for the skin and regulates sebum production. It is also great for cleansing oily and dry skin and for treating acne. Due to its stimulating effect, Ylang-Ylang improves the skin structure and refreshes tired and tightened mature skin.

Application note
Ylang-Ylang has a high scent intensity. Therefore, one should use it sparingly and not continuously, otherwise headaches and nausea may occur.